An application server for Scala apps.
Escalante is a project of the JBoss Community, and is completely open-source software. Escalante is licensed under the EPL. You may download the binaries or the source-code, modify it if you desire, and use it, even for profit, without any licensing costs.
This section explains how to install Escalante application server step by step:
Escalante requires Java JDK 6. To determine which version, if any, is installed on your system, at a command-line, attempt to run the java command with the -version argument.
$ java -version java version "1.6.0_31" Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_31-b04-415-11M3646) Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 20.6-b01-415, mixed mode)
If the version is at least 1.6, your version of Java is sufficient. If you have no Java installed, or a version less than 1.6, you'll need to install a Java Development Kit. For many systems, it is easy to install the open-source OpenJDK.
For installation on Ubuntu, Fedora, OpenSuse, or Debian, please refer to the installation instructions provided by the OpenJDK project. If you find a java on your system, ensure that it is not actually gcj, as it is insufficient for running the Esclante server.
For Apple OSX systems, Apple provides a JDK version 6.
You can obtain the latest version of Escalante from the downloads section.
We'll install Escalante under your user's $HOME directory.
$ unzip -q escalante...
Running Escalante essentially amounts to running JBoss:
If you've never head of Lift, or have never used it, you might wanna check the FAQ section where you can find answers to questions such as:
Now that you're familiar with Lift, let's see what Escalante provides for Lift developers. Escalante offers the possibility of deploying Lift applications in two different ways. Let's look at the differences between these two deployment modes:
Deploying Lift applications in other servlet engines, or application servers, normally require the application to ship both the Lift and Scala libraries within them, bloating the deployment archive.
Lift applications targeted for deployment in Escalante can be configured in such way that they do not require any Lift dependencies to be shipped within the application, and that includes the Scala language libraries too. This vastly reduces the size of your application deployment archive.
To give you an idea, the most basic of the Lift examples, the war file for the 'Hello World' example, takes in the region of 30 MB. Without all the jar dependencies, the war file takes a mere 8 KB.
So, the question is, how does Escalante know, at deploy time, which
dependencies your Lift application needs? Escalante figures out which
dependencies your applications needs reading a
file within your deployment archive. This file should be formatted
following the YAML markup language which offers a
human-readable way of defining metadata for your application.
Here's an example of
META-INF/escalante.yml configuring all available
scala: version: 2.10.1 lift: version: 2.5-RC4 modules: - mapper - jpa
This example descriptor is indicating to Escalante that the Lift version that
this application needs in 2.5-RC4, and that the Scala version required is 2.10.1.
version attributes are optional in which case, default values are
assumed. The default values currently used by Escalante are shown in the
Once the dependency versions are known, Escalante uses a Maven dependency resolver library to download, if not already present locally, and build the necessary building blocks for your application to access these dependencies.
If multiple Lift applications are deployed into Escalante using the method explained above, some of the dependencies can actually be shared between different Lift applications, which results in a further reduction on memory usage.
modules attribute defines a list of extra modules that the Lift
application requires. These modules essentially translate to Maven Lift
artifacts with these coordinates:
<groupId>net.liftweb</groupId> <artifactId>lift-$<MODULE_NAME>_$<SCALA_VERSION></artifactId> <version>$<LIFT_VERSION><version>
By default, if no
modules is given, Escalante brings in the
which is the base of any Lift application.
There's no limitation to the Scala or Lift versions supported. The only requirement is that they can be resolved using Maven. Lift artifacts are resolved using the coordinates mentioned above. For Scala dependencies, these are resolved from these coordinates:
<groupId>org.scala-lang</groupId> <artifactId>scala-library</artifactId> <version>$<SCALA_VERSION><version>
As a Lift application developer, you will be familiar with the requirement that
Lift applications require a
WEB-INF/web.xml to be included within them in
order to define a Lift filter. With Escalante, this is not needed any more.
In the absence of a
WEB-INF/web.xml, Escalante adds one to the deployment
archive. If the user application does contain a
WEB-INF/web.xml, it uses the
one already shipped, so this means that the if the user provides a web
descriptor, it must contain the Lift filter definition.
Lift applications can be created and deployed into Escalante using Maven. By far the best way to find out how to configuration applications to deploy to Escalante using Maven is to inspect the Escalante Quickstarts and use them as starting point.
Lift applications can now be created and deployed into Escalante using SBT.
Thanks to the Escalante SBT plugin,
META-INF/escalante.yml can be generated (if not already present in the
source tree) using the build's metadata information, and Lift applications
can be deployed to an embedded Escalante instance which does not require a
By far the best way to find out how to configuration applications to deploy to Escalante using SBT is to inspect the Escalante Quickstarts and use them as starting point.
Escalante can also deploy standard Lift applications that have not been optimised. So, if you are already have packaged Lift applications, you can deploy them without problems into Escalante. Bear in mind though that when deploying such applications into Escalante, they must ship all the dependencies required.
Lift applications, whether optimised or not, can integrate with services provided by the application server. For example, integration with the default persistence datasource:
Lift applications can connect very easily to the default persistence
datasource. To do so, Lift's bootable class, normally located in
bootstrap.liftweb.Boot needs to be modified to define the default database
connection identifier to point to the JNDI name of the example datasource:
DefaultConnectionIdentifier.jndiName = "java:jboss/datasources/ExampleDS"
Play Framework is a popular, lightweight, stateless Scala web framework that's build on Akka and enables highly-scalable applications. Check FAQ section for more in depth details about Play Framework.
Starting in Escalante
0.3.0, Play Framework 2.1 Scala web applications can
be deployed on top of Escalante natively. The integration is currently limited
to deployment of the applications and resolution of Play library dependencies,
but in future versions further integrations with the services provided by
Escalante will be developed.
By far the best way to get started deploying Play 2.x applications on top of Escalante is to have a look at the Escalante Play Quickstarts and use them as starting point.
The primary way to deploy Play 2.x applications on top of Escalante is to use
SBT, along with the Play and Escalante SBT plugins,
in order to build, deploy and run these type of applications. With this in mind,
the following system properties should be passed to the
sbt command in order
to configure runtime configuration options:
-Dhttp.address: configure HTTP address or host name for the application. Default value is
-Dhttp.port: configure HTTP port for the application. Default value is
-Dhttps.port: optional SSL port configuration.
Logging, when running Escalante on top of SBT, works slightly differently to
standalone Play 2.x applications. Instead of defining logging information in
application.conf, or providing
application-logger.xml, in order to
fine tune logging settings, you need to pass a
property which points to a logging settings file. A typical JDK logging
configuration file would contain:
handlers=java.util.logging.FileHandler,java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler .level=INFO io.escalante.level=FINEST org.level=INFO com.level=INFO play.level=FINEST java.util.logging.FileHandler.pattern = %t/escalante-%u.log java.util.logging.FileHandler.count = 1 java.util.logging.FileHandler.level = FINEST java.util.logging.FileHandler.formatter = java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler.level = FINEST java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler.formatter = java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter
Currently Escalante does not support automatic Play application reload based
on source file changes. When application source code changes, it's currently
necessary to start Escalante once again (i.e. running
SBT console). Future versions of Escalante will provide this functionality.